Amine vs Amide- Definition, 11 Major Differences, Examples

Amines vs Amides

Amine Definition Amines are derivates of ammonia where one or more hydrogen atoms bonded to the nitrogen atom are replaced by a substituent like and alkyl or aryl group to form organic compounds. Amines are important organic compounds as these form amino acids and proteins, which are basic building blocks of living systems. Inorganic derivatives … Read more

Aldoses vs Ketoses- Definition, 7 Major Differences, Examples

Aldoses vs Ketoses

Aldoses Definition An aldose is a monosaccharide consisting of a carbon backbone and a carbonyl group at carbon-1, resulting in an aldehyde group. The general formula of aldoses is the same as most carbohydrates, Cn(H2O)n. The carbon atoms in the carbon backbone are each bonded to a hydroxyl group. All aldoses exhibit stereoisomerism as they … Read more

Atomic Mass vs Atomic Weight- Definition, 7 Major Differences

Atomic Mass vs Atomic Weight

Atomic Mass Definition Atomic mass is the mass of an atom or an isotope which includes the total mass of the nucleus and the electrons present in the periphery. Most of the contribution is made by the nucleus as it contains the heavier subatomic particles, while lesser contributions are made by the electrons and nuclear … Read more

Atom vs Molecule- Definition, 12 Major Differences, Examples

Atom vs Molecule

Atom Definition An atom is the smallest unit of matter composed of a nucleus and one or more electrons present around the nucleus. The atom is characteristic of the chemical element and is often considered the basic building block of chemistry. The atom consists of a large empty space while the rest is occupied by … Read more

Aromatic vs Aliphatic Compounds- Definition, 15 Key Differences, Examples

Aromatic Compounds vs Aliphatic Compounds

Aromatic Compounds Aromatic compounds are compounds that belong to a large class of unsaturated chemical compounds that are defined by the presence of one or more planar rings of atoms linked together by covalent bonds. The stability of aromatic compounds is referred to as the aromaticity of the compounds as a result of the delocalization … Read more

Acidic vs Basic Amino Acids- Definition, 7 Key Differences, Examples

Acidic Amino Acids vs Basic Amino Acids

Acidic Amino Acids Definition Acidic amino acids are those amino acids that have a carboxylic acid group on their side chains at neutral pH, resulting in acidic properties in the molecule. Acidic amino acids have an additional carboxylic group (COOH) in addition to the one present on the linear chain. These types of amino acids … Read more

Amylose vs Amylopectin- Definition and 12 Major Differences

Amylose vs Amylopectin

Amylose Definition Amylose is a polysaccharide consisting of α-D-glucose units that are linked together by α(1→4) glycosidic bonds. An amylose is an essential form of resistant starch that is more resistant to digestion than other starch molecules.  The tightly packed helical structure of the molecule aids in its resistance. The carbon atoms in glucose are … Read more

Alkali vs Base- Definition, 7 Key Differences, Examples

Alkali vs Base

Alkali Definition Alkali is a basic soluble hydroxide of alkali metals or alkaline earth metals.  These are strong bases that share most of the characteristics of bases like the formation of neutral salts with acids and the conversion of red litmus paper into the blue. The term alkali is derived from the Arabic work ‘al … Read more

Aldehyde vs Ketone- Definition, 14 Key Differences, Examples

Aldehyde vs Ketone

Aldehyde Definition An aldehyde is a type of organic compound containing the functional group with the structure –CHO, where the carbon double-bonded to oxygen is termed the carbonyl group. Aldehydes are generally formed by the removal of a hydrogen atom from an alcohol compound. The chemical formula of aldehyde is R-CHO where the carbon atom … Read more

Law of definite proportions- definition, formula, equation, examples

Law of definite proportions

Who is Joseph Proust? Joseph Louis Proust (26 September 1754- 5 July 1826) was a French chemist who is best known for the discovery of the law of definite proportions or the law of constant composition. Joseph Proust was a chemistry teacher who taught in different schools like the Royal Artillery School in Segovia and … Read more