Enzymes vs Coenzymes- Definition, 8 Major Differences, Examples

Enzymes vs Coenzymes

Enzymes Definition Enzymes are biological molecules that act as biological catalysts and accelerate the rate of chemical reactions in living systems. Enzymes are proteins that act on molecules, known as substrates, in order to produce different molecules called products. Most metabolic processes in biological systems require enzymes so that the … Read more

Cofactors vs Coenzymes- Definition, 11 Key Differences, Examples

Cofactors vs Coenzymes

Cofactors Definition A cofactor is the non-protein part of an enzyme that is essential for the enzyme’s activity as a catalyst. Cofactors, together with the apoenzyme (protein component), form the complete enzyme (holoenzyme). The removal of the cofactor from an enzyme results in the loss of enzymatic activity. Cofactors can … Read more

Amylase vs Amylose- Definition and 10 Major Differences

Amylase vs Amylose

Amylase Definition Amylase is an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of starch to form smaller sugar units by breaking down the glycosidic linkages between glucose units. Amylases are of two types; α-amylase and β-amylase that hydrolyze α- and β-linkages present in the starch molecule, respectively. Besides α- and β-amylases, a … Read more