Organic vs Inorganic Compounds- Definition, 13 Key Differences, Examples

Organic vs Inorganic Compounds

Organic Compounds Definition Organic compounds are chemical compounds composed of one or more carbon atoms bonded to other elements like hydrogen, oxygen, or nitrogen. Organic compounds consist of multiple carbon-hydrogen and carbon-carbon bonds that hold the structures together. Organic compounds are the result of the catenation property of carbon atoms as they can form chains … Read more

Baking Soda vs Baking Powder- Definition and 10 Key Differences

Baking Soda vs Baking Powder

Baking Soda Definition Baking soda is a chemical substance that is a salt composed of sodium and bicarbonate ions, primarily used as a leavening agent in baking. The chemical name of the substance is sodium bicarbonate or sodium hydrogen carbonate with the chemical formula, NaHCO3. Baking soda is a solid white crystalline compound that exists … Read more

Cofactors vs Coenzymes- Definition, 11 Key Differences, Examples

Cofactors vs Coenzymes

Cofactors Definition A cofactor is the non-protein part of an enzyme that is essential for the enzyme’s activity as a catalyst. Cofactors, together with the apoenzyme (protein component), form the complete enzyme (holoenzyme). The removal of the cofactor from an enzyme results in the loss of enzymatic activity. Cofactors can also be termed as helper … Read more

Amine vs Amide- Definition, 11 Major Differences, Examples

Amines vs Amides

Amine Definition Amines are derivates of ammonia where one or more hydrogen atoms bonded to the nitrogen atom are replaced by a substituent like and alkyl or aryl group to form organic compounds. Amines are important organic compounds as these form amino acids and proteins, which are basic building blocks of living systems. Inorganic derivatives … Read more

Aromatic vs Aliphatic Compounds- Definition, 15 Key Differences, Examples

Aromatic Compounds vs Aliphatic Compounds

Aromatic Compounds Aromatic compounds are compounds that belong to a large class of unsaturated chemical compounds that are defined by the presence of one or more planar rings of atoms linked together by covalent bonds. The stability of aromatic compounds is referred to as the aromaticity of the compounds as a result of the delocalization … Read more

Aldehyde vs Ketone- Definition, 14 Key Differences, Examples

Aldehyde vs Ketone

Aldehyde Definition An aldehyde is a type of organic compound containing the functional group with the structure –CHO, where the carbon double-bonded to oxygen is termed the carbonyl group. Aldehydes are generally formed by the removal of a hydrogen atom from an alcohol compound. The chemical formula of aldehyde is R-CHO where the carbon atom … Read more

Lewis Acids and Bases- Definition, Reactions, Examples, Applications

Lewis acids and bases

Definition of Lewis Acids and Bases Gilbert Newton Lewis (American, 1923) put forward a broader concept of acids and bases on the basis of electron transfer. This concept is called the Lewis concept. Lewis’s concept eliminates the necessity of the presence of hydrogen in acid, and it accepts not only Arrhenius and Bronsted-Lowry concept but … Read more