Homogenous vs Heterogeneous Mixture- Definition, 8 Key Differences, Examples

Homogenous vs Heterogeneous Mixture

Homogenous Mixture Definition A homogenous mixture is the type of mixture in which the composition of the solute is uniform throughout the mixture. The homogenous mixture can be defined by the fact that the division of the mixture into two equal halves results in the distribution of the same amount of solute suspended in both … Read more

Ester vs Ether- Definition, 12 Major Differences, Examples

Ester vs Ether

Ester Definition An ester is a group of organic compounds that are derived from organic acids where at least one –OH group is replaced by an -O- group. The functional group in ester is the ester group (COOR) which is usually formed as a result of a substitution reaction between carboxylic acids and organic alcohols. … Read more

Ethanol vs Methanol- Definition and 8 Major Differences

Ethanol vs Methanol

Ethanol Definition Ethanol or ethyl alcohol is the primary alcohol that is formed by the substitution of a hydrogen atom in the alkane, ethane by a hydroxyl group. It is an organic compound composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen with the molecular formula C2H5OH. The formula can be written as CH3-CH2-OH. It is a highly … Read more

Enzymes vs Coenzymes- Definition, 8 Major Differences, Examples

Enzymes vs Coenzymes

Enzymes Definition Enzymes are biological molecules that act as biological catalysts and accelerate the rate of chemical reactions in living systems. Enzymes are proteins that act on molecules, known as substrates, in order to produce different molecules called products. Most metabolic processes in biological systems require enzymes so that the processes can occur at rates … Read more

Elements vs Compounds- Definition, 10 Key Differences, Examples

Elements vs Compounds

Elements Definition Elements are pure substances that consist of a single type of atoms and cannot be broken down into smaller units by chemical means. Elements are basic chemical species that combine with other elements to form complex species like compounds and molecules. Elements are defined by the number of protons in the nucleus, which … Read more

Glucose vs Sucrose- Definition and 13 Major Differences

Glucose vs Sucrose

Glucose Definition Figure: Glucose Structure. Glucose is a simple form of sugar that is the primary source of energy in the living systems. Glucose is the most abundant monosaccharide on earth, which occurs and is utilized by different organisms throughout the world. The primary sources of glucose on earth are green plants and algae through … Read more

Deoxyribose vs Ribose Sugar- Definition and 8 Key Differences

Deoxyribose vs Ribose Sugar

Deoxyribose Sugar Definition Deoxyribose is a five-carbon monosaccharide which is the sugar that forms the phosphate backbone of DNA molecules. As the name suggests, deoxyribose is formed by the loss of an oxygen atom from ribose sugar. The molecular formula of deoxyribose sugar is H-(C=O)-(CH2)-(CHOH)3-H, and it might exist in several isomeric forms. The hydroxyl … Read more

Crystalline vs Amorphous Solids- Definition, 12 Differences, Examples

Crystalline vs Amorphous Solids

Crystalline Solids Definition A crystalline solid or a crystal is a solid substance consisting of atoms, molecules, and ions that are arranged in a definite pattern. Crystals can be identified based on their geometrical shape with specific and characteristic orientations; however, it is not possible in all crystals as some might be microscopic. The smallest … Read more

Covalent vs Hydrogen Bond- Definition, 11 Key Differences, Examples

Covalent vs Hydrogen Bond

Covalent Bond Definition A covalent bond is a type of linkage between the atoms of the same or different elements as a result of the mutual sharing of electrons. The bond is formed as a result of the electrostatic force of attraction between the nuclei and the electrons. Covalent bonds are formed by the sharing … Read more