## Normality: Formula, Uses, Calculation, Limitation

In chemistry, normality is one of the terms used when referring to the concentration of a solution. The normality of a solution is the mass of a solute in grams … Read more

## London Dispersion Forces: Definition, Examples, Formula

London dispersion forces are a transitory attraction between two atoms that are adjacent. The electrons of one atom are unsymmetrical, resulting in a temporary dipole. This dipole induces an induced … Read more

## pKa Table of Common acids

The pKa value of a molecule describes its acidity. A pKa table simplifies pKa values. It determines an acid’s strength by how firmly a proton is retained by a Bronsted … Read more

## Strong Acids and Strong Bases

A strong acid is one that is completely dissociated in water. H+ is a chemical species with a high potential for proton loss. A molecule with a hydrogen bonded to … Read more

## Van der Waals Equation: Derivation, Correction Factor, Significance

The Van der Waals equation also sometime known as the Van der Waals equation of state. The Van der Waals equation depicts the relationship between real gas pressure, volume, temperature, and … Read more

## Faraday’s Constant: Value, Formula, Application, Calculation

The Faraday’s constant, F, is the physical constant equal to the total electric charge carried by one mole of electrons. The constant is named after English physicist Michael Faraday. The Faraday constant is … Read more

## Electrolysis of Sodium Chloride: Molten and Aqueous

Introduction to Electrolysis Electrolysis is the process of breaking down a chemical complex into its component parts or other compounds by exposing it to an electric current Electrolysis is made … Read more

## 5 Important Gas Laws

The gas laws are a set of laws that explain how gases behave by showing relationships between the following: Gas Laws to be studied are listed below: Boyle’s Law Boyle’s … Read more

## Arrhenius Equation: Formula, Graph, Application

The Arrhenius equation holds significant importance within the field of physical chemistry. The Arrhenius equation is a mathematical expression that elucidates the relationship between temperature and the rate of chemical … Read more