Crystalline vs Amorphous Solids- Definition, 12 Differences, Examples

Crystalline vs Amorphous Solids

Crystalline Solids Definition A crystalline solid or a crystal is a solid substance consisting of atoms, molecules, and ions that are arranged in a definite pattern. Crystals can be identified based on their geometrical shape with specific and characteristic orientations; however, it is not possible in all crystals as some might be microscopic. The smallest … Read more

Covalent vs Hydrogen Bond- Definition, 11 Key Differences, Examples

Covalent vs Hydrogen Bond

Covalent Bond Definition A covalent bond is a type of linkage between the atoms of the same or different elements as a result of the mutual sharing of electrons. The bond is formed as a result of the electrostatic force of attraction between the nuclei and the electrons. Covalent bonds are formed by the sharing … Read more

Compound vs Mixture- Definition, 12 Major Differences, Examples

Compound vs Mixture

Compound Definition Compounds are those substances that are composed of many identical molecules and consist of two or more atoms from more than one element linked together by chemical bonds. Compounds are of different types depending on the type of chemical bonds present in them; ionic compounds linked by ionic bonds, covalent compounds linked by … Read more

Covalent vs Ionic Bond- Definition, 11 Key Differences, Examples

Covalent vs Ionic Bond

Covalent bond Definition A covalent bond is a type of chemical bonding resulting from the mutual sharing of electrons between two atoms of the same or different elements. The bond is the electrostatic interaction between the electrons present in the orbit of one atom and the protons present in the nucleus of the other atom. … Read more

Colloid vs Suspension- Definition, 12 Key Differences, Examples

Colloid vs Suspension

Colloid Definition A colloid is a mixture in which one of the soluble or insoluble particles is microscopically dispersed throughout the other substance. The colloid can be differentiated from a solution in that the solute and solvent in a solution are of the same phase, but a colloid has a dispersed phase and a continuous … Read more

Baking Soda vs Baking Powder- Definition and 10 Key Differences

Baking Soda vs Baking Powder

Baking Soda Definition Baking soda is a chemical substance that is a salt composed of sodium and bicarbonate ions, primarily used as a leavening agent in baking. The chemical name of the substance is sodium bicarbonate or sodium hydrogen carbonate with the chemical formula, NaHCO3. Baking soda is a solid white crystalline compound that exists … Read more

Cofactors vs Coenzymes- Definition, 11 Key Differences, Examples

Cofactors vs Coenzymes

Cofactors Definition A cofactor is the non-protein part of an enzyme that is essential for the enzyme’s activity as a catalyst. Cofactors, together with the apoenzyme (protein component), form the complete enzyme (holoenzyme). The removal of the cofactor from an enzyme results in the loss of enzymatic activity. Cofactors can also be termed as helper … Read more

Amylase vs Amylose- Definition and 10 Major Differences

Amylase vs Amylose

Amylase Definition Amylase is an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of starch to form smaller sugar units by breaking down the glycosidic linkages between glucose units. Amylases are of two types; α-amylase and β-amylase that hydrolyze α- and β-linkages present in the starch molecule, respectively. Besides α- and β-amylases, a third group of amylases called … Read more

Amine vs Amide- Definition, 11 Major Differences, Examples

Amines vs Amides

Amine Definition Amines are derivates of ammonia where one or more hydrogen atoms bonded to the nitrogen atom are replaced by a substituent like and alkyl or aryl group to form organic compounds. Amines are important organic compounds as these form amino acids and proteins, which are basic building blocks of living systems. Inorganic derivatives … Read more

Aldoses vs Ketoses- Definition, 7 Major Differences, Examples

Aldoses vs Ketoses

Aldoses Definition An aldose is a monosaccharide consisting of a carbon backbone and a carbonyl group at carbon-1, resulting in an aldehyde group. The general formula of aldoses is the same as most carbohydrates, Cn(H2O)n. The carbon atoms in the carbon backbone are each bonded to a hydroxyl group. All aldoses exhibit stereoisomerism as they … Read more